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Prezident Obama avtomobilsozlik sanoatining o'zgarishini e'lon qildi

Prezident Obama avtomobilsozlik sanoatining o'zgarishini e'lon qildi

2009 yil 30 martda, o'sha paytda AQSh. Prezident Barak Obama amerikalik avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchi General Motors (GM) va Chrysler kompaniyalariga ultimatum qo'yadi: Uning so'zlariga ko'ra, hukumatdan qo'shimcha yordam kreditlarini olish uchun kompaniyalar o'z bizneslarini yuritishda keskin o'zgarishlar qilishlari kerak. Prezident, shuningdek, AQShning avtomobilsozlik sanoatiga yordam berish va iste'molchilar ishonchini kuchaytirishga qaratilgan bir qator tashabbuslarni e'lon qildi, jumladan GM va Chrysler kafolatlarini hukumat qo'llab -quvvatladi, hatto ikkala avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisi ham ishdan chiqqan bo'lsa ham. 2008 yil dekabr oyida GM (1930-yillarning boshidan 2008-yilgacha dunyodagi eng yirik avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchi) va Chrysler (o'sha paytdagi Amerikaning uchinchi yirik avtomobil kompaniyasi) suvda qolish uchun federal yordam sifatida 17,4 milliard dollar qabul qilishdi. O'sha paytda, ikki kompaniya jahon iqtisodiy inqirozi va avtomobil savdosining pasayishidan qattiq zarar ko'rgan edi; Biroq, tanqidchilar, ularning muammolari bir necha o'n yillar oldin boshlangan, deb hisoblaydilar va boshqa omillar qatorida, xorijiy raqobat va kasaba uyushmalari bilan bog'liq muammolarni hal qilishda muvaffaqiyatsizlikka uchragan.

Prezident Obamaning avtomatik ishchi guruhi, Chrysler o'zining sport kommunal transport vositalariga (SUV) juda ko'p e'tibor qaratganligini va o'z -o'zidan omon qolish uchun juda kichik kompaniya ekanligini aniqladi. 30 -martdagi e'lonida Obama Chryslerga italiyalik avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchi Fiat yoki boshqa sherigi bilan birlashishni yakunlash uchun bir oy vaqt berdi. 30 -aprelga belgilangan muddatdan biroz oldin, Chrysler Birlashgan avtomobil ishchilari kasaba uyushmasi va uning asosiy kreditorlari bilan kelishuvlarga erishganini aytdi; ammo, 30 aprelda, Obama, Chrysler, ba'zi kichik kreditorlari bilan kelisha olmaganidan so'ng, bankrotlikdan himoya qilish uchun 11 -bobga ariza berishini va keyin Fiat bilan hamkorlik qilishini e'lon qildi. Birlashtirish 2014 yilda yakunlandi.

General Motorsga kelsak, Obama 30 -martda e'lon qilgan shartlarga ko'ra, avtogigant 60 kun ichida katta restrukturizatsiyadan o'tishi kerak edi, shu jumladan xarajatlarni keskin qisqartirish, mahsulotning zararli tarmoqlari va dilerlik punktlaridan xalos bo'lish. Keyingi ikki oy ichida GM minglab dilerlik punktlari va bir qator zavodlarni yopishini hamda Pontiac kabi brendlardan voz kechishini aytdi. Shunga qaramay, 2009 yil 1 iyunda 1908 yilda tashkil etilgan GM bankrot deb e'lon qildi. O'shanda kompaniya 172,8 milliard dollarlik majburiyatlari va 82,3 milliard dollarlik aktivlari haqida xabar bergan va bu AQSh tarixidagi bankrotlik bo'yicha to'rtinchi o'rinni egallagan. GM 2010 yilda rentabellikka qaytdi.


Prezidentning avtomobilsozlik bo'yicha ishchi guruhi

The Prezidentning avtomobilsozlik bo'yicha ishchi guruhi edi maxsus Chrysler va General Motors avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilarini moliyaviy yordam bilan shug'ullanish uchun prezident Obama tomonidan tuzilgan AQSh kabinetlari va boshqa rasmiylar guruhi.

Avtomobil ishlab chiqarish iqtisodiyotning muhim sohasi bo'lib, amerikaliklar uchun 3 dan 4 milliongacha ish joyini tashkil qiladi, degan xulosaga asoslanib, AQShning uchta yirik avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisidan ikkitasini tugatish yaqinlashib kelayotgan edi va bu tanaffuslar AQSh iqtisodiyotini, AQSh hukumatini vayron qiladi. Ishchi guruhi orqali Chrysler va General Motors kompaniyalarining kundalik boshqaruv qarorlarida ishtirok etdi. [1] [2] [3]

Prezidentning Ishchi guruhi 2009 yil fevral oyida yig'ilishlar tuzdi va o'tkazishni boshladi. [4] [5] U Chrysler va General Motors (GM) tomonidan taqdim etilgan moliyaviy va operatsion restrukturizatsiya rejalarini ko'rib chiqdi va kabinet darajasidagi yig'ilishlarda Prezidentga o'z tavsiyalarini berdi. restrukturizatsiya va kompaniyalardan mablag 'talablari. [5] Tavsiyalar, shuningdek, ish haqi va nafaqa tuzilmalarini takomillashtirish va kelajak uchun yoqilg'i tejaydigan avtomobillarni ishlab chiqarish bo'yicha ko'rsatmalarni o'z ichiga oldi. 2009 yil mart oyida Ishchi guruhi avtomobilsozlik sanoati etkazib beruvchilarini qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun 5 milliard dollargacha mablag 'taklif qildi [5] va 2009 yil may oyining oxiriga kelib, ishchi guruhining tavsiyalariga amal qilib, AQSh hukumati kompaniyalarga jami qariyb 25 milliard dollar qarz berdi. O'sha paytda, GM bankrotlikdan chiqish uchun yana 30 milliard dollar talab qilishi mumkin edi. [6] 2009 yil iyul oyining o'rtalariga kelib, ikkala kompaniya ham qayta tuzilgan va bankrotlikdan chiqqan. Ishchi guruhi "kundan -kunga" qatnashishdan davriy "monitoring" ga qisqartirildi. [3]

Muammoli aktivlarni bartaraf etish dasturi maxsus inspektorining 2014 yil aprel oyidagi hisobotiga ko'ra, AQSh hukumati General Motorsni qutqarish uchun 11,2 milliard dollar yo'qotdi. AQSh hukumati GMni qutqarish uchun 50 milliard dollar sarfladi, demak u sarmoya miqdorining 77,6 foizini qaytarib oldi. [7]


Obama GM, Chryslerni larzaga soladi

Prezident Barak Obama dushanba kuni AQShning avto sanoatini qayta tiklash bo'yicha favqulodda taklif e'lon qildi va agar ular tirik qolishlarini ta'minlash uchun jiddiy o'zgarishlar qilmasa, ikkita avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisiga uzoq muddatli federal yordamni to'xtatib qo'yishini aytdi.

Ochig'ini aytganda, Obama GM va Chrysler -ni qayta tuzish haqidagi tasavvurlari kompaniyalar va ularning ishchilari uchun og'riqli bo'lishini aytdi, lekin kuchli dori ularni qutqarishning yagona yo'li ekanini ta'kidladi va shu bilan birga ular muvaffaqiyatsizlikka uchrashi mumkinligini ochiq qoldirdi.

Va u to'g'ridan -to'g'ri zavod ishchilariga ishonadigan avtoulovchilar va jamoalar bilan gaplashib: "Men qiyin paytlar o'tdi deb o'ylamayman. Men sizga bundan boshqa og'riq bo'lmaydi deb va'da berolmayman. Lekin men sizga va'da berishim mumkin - men siz uchun kurashaman. Bugun mening bu erda bo'lishimga siz sababchisiz. ”

"Bu urinishlar, ular qanchalik zarur bo'lsa, hammasini birdaniga yaxshilay olmaydi. Saqlab bo'lmaydigan ishlar mavjud. Qayta ochilmaydigan o'simliklar bor. . . . "

Obama, shuningdek, federal hukumatni ikkita kompaniyaning mahsulotlarini ortda qoldirish bo'yicha keskin qadam tashladi - Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari iste'molchilar kaltaklangan kompaniyalardan voz kechmasligiga umid qilib, qolgan yillar davomida o'z avtomobillariga kafolatlarini qaytarib berishini aytdi. .

GMga kelsak, Obama bosh direktor Rik Vagonerni iste'foga chiqarishni so'radi va Vagoner o'z lavozimini tark etdi. Obama GMga restrukturizatsiyaga 60 kun vaqt berdi va kompaniyaga optimistik tuyulardi.

Shuningdek qarang

Chrysler masalasida, Obama ancha pessimist edi - ularga Italiyaning Fiat avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchi kompaniyasi bilan birlashish shartnomasini uzish uchun atigi 30 kun vaqt berdi. Agar ular birlashsa, u 6 milliard dollarlik yangi kreditlar taklif qilgan. Agar ular bunday qilmasalar, Obama boshqa federal yordam olmasliklarini va bankrotlikka uchrashlarini aytdi.

"Yildan-yilga, o'n yildan o'n yil o'tgach, biz chet eldagi raqobatchilar bizdan oldinda bo'lgani kabi, qog'ozda yozilgan muammolarni va qiyin tanlovlar boshlanganini ko'rdik. Xo'sh, biz bu yo'lning oxiriga etib keldik ", dedi Obama. "Va biz, millat sifatida, bundan buyon mas'uliyatdan voz kechishga qodir emasmiz. Endi muammolarimiz bilan yakkama-yakka kurashish va ularni hal qilish uchun zarur bo'lgan narsani qilish vaqti keldi ", dedi Obama.

"Ishonchim komilki, agar biz har birimiz o'z hissamizni qo'shishga tayyor bo'lsak, bu qayta qurish, qisqa muddatda bo'lgani kabi, oxirigacha emas, balki Amerikaning avtomobilsozlik sanoati uchun yangi boshlanish bo'ladi. Bu 21-asr avtosanoati bilan yangi raqobatdosh, yangi ish o'rinlari yaratadi, yangi farovonlikka olib keladi va bizni energiyadan mustaqil kelajakka olib boradigan yoqilg'i tejaydigan yengil avtomobillar va yuk mashinalari ishlab chiqaradi.

Oq uy birinchi bo'lib yakshanba kuni o'z rejalarini amalga oshirdi va GM ham, Chrysler ham hozir mavjud bo'lganidek ko'proq federal yordamga loyiq emas degan xulosaga kelishdi va ikkala kompaniyaning omon qolishlarini ko'rsatish uchun keskin qadamlarni talab qilishdi.

"Bizning avtosanoatga tayanadigan joylarda og'riq, bizning kompaniyamiz muvaffaqiyat qozonishini tinimsiz va qattiq xohlagan ishchilarimizning aybi emas. Va avlodlar davomida ishlab chiqarish zavodlarini qo'llab -quvvatlagan barcha oilalar va jamoalarning aybi yo'q. Aksincha, Vashingtandan Detroitgacha bo'lgan rahbariyatning muvaffaqiyatsizligi bizning avtomobil kompaniyalarimizni shu darajaga olib keldi ", dedi Obama.

Ma'muriyat shuni aniqladiki, ikkala avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchisi ham o'z oldidan olgan katta davlat ssudalari shartlariga muvofiq "hayotiyligini" isbotlay olmagan va hech kim jiddiy o'zgarish qilmasdan boshqa yordamni olmasligini aniqlagan.

"Afsuski, biz hech bir kompaniya taqdim etgan reja hayotiylikni anglatmaydi, degan xulosaga keldik va shuning uchun ular qo'shimcha katta sarmoyalarni talab qilmaydi", dedi jurnalistlarga.

Obama, shuningdek, GM orqaga qaytishi mumkinligiga ishonishini aytdi, lekin u Chrysler haqida unchalik aniq emas. "Chrysler - bu qiyinroq vaziyat", dedi rasmiy. "Agar [Chrysler va Fiat] qoniqarli kelishuvga erisha olmasalar ... va agar Chrysler uchun boshqa hech qanday sheriklik bo'lmasa, biz Chryslerga qo'shimcha Amerika soliq dollarlarini sarmoya qilishni oqlay olmaymiz."

Ammo Obamaning bayonoti Michigan qonunchilarining qarshiligiga duch kelmoqda, ular aytganidek, bu etarli emas. Michigan shtati gubernatori Jennifer Granxolmning aytishicha, GM kompaniyasining bosh direktori Vagoner qurbonlik qo'zichog'iga aylantirilmoqda.

30 yoshli GM faxriysi Vagonerga bo'lgan urinish G'aznachilik boshchiligidagi avtomobilsozlik bo'yicha prezidentning ishchi guruhi tomonidan amalga oshirildi, Obama fevral oyida uni "avtomobil podshohi" deb atadi. Hukumat qutqaruv sumkalarini boshqaruvchi sifatida Amerika biznesida o'ynayotgan g'ayrioddiy yangi rolning eng yorqin namunasidir.

GM va Chrysler dekabr oyidan buyon qabul qilingan 17,4 milliard dollarlik federal yordamni deyarli sarflashdi. GM yana 16,6 milliard dollargacha, Chrysler esa yana 5 milliard dollar so'radi.

Kafolat dasturi, kutilmagan taklif, xaridorlarni biror narsa buzilganda ishlab chiqaruvchi ishdan chiqadimi yoki yo'qmi, deb xavotirlanmasdan, avtomobil sotib olishga undash uchun mo'ljallangan. Ma'muriyat "bu davrda GM yoki Chrysler -dan sotib olingan yangi mashinalar orqasida ... noaniqlikda" turishga va'da bermoqda.

"Keyingi vaqtlarda hech bir amerikalik Chrysler, GMdan mashina sotib olishdan xavotirlanmasligi kerak", dedi rasmiy "ma'muriyat" Kafolat majburiyatlari dasturi "uchun xarajatlar smetasini kiritmagan.

Ma'muriyat, shuningdek, jabrlangan jamoalarga yordam berish uchun avtomobil ishchilari va jamoalarni tiklash direktorini tayinlashini e'lon qildi. Bu lavozim mehnat iqtisodchisi va Mehnat kotibining sobiq o'rinbosari Edvard Montgomeriga tegishli bo'lib, uning vazifasi "Amerika avtosanoatiga tayanadigan ishchilar, jamoalar va mintaqalarni qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun hukumatning barcha resurslaridan foydalanish" bo'ladi.

Ochig'ini aytganda, ma'muriyatning GM uchun besh sahifali "Vibabilitatsiyani aniqlash" qattiq xulosalarini aytadi: "General Motors kredit shartnomasi shartlarini bajarmadi. … Ammo, qat'iy ishonishicha, ... qayta qurish hayotiy GMga olib keladi ».

Rasmiylar Chryslerning ahvoli GMga qaraganda ancha yomonroq ekanligini aniq aytishdi.

"Agar siz hatto Chrysler -ning hayotiyligi haqidagi taklifiga nazar tashlasangiz, ularning taxminlariga ko'ra, ular buni qandaydir tarzda qo'shishganini ko'rasiz", dedi rasmiy. "Ular hech qachon ijobiy pul oqimini yaratmaydi. Ular hech qachon qarzlarini to'lashga qodir emaslar. Bu kompaniya uchun juda real yoki ishlaydigan joy emas. ”

"Agar siz Consumer Reports -ning avtomobillar reytingi kabi narsalarga qarasangiz, bu ikki kompaniya o'rtasida juda katta farqlarni ko'rasiz", deb davom etdi amaldor. «General Motors 'Malibu o'tgan yili yilning avtomobili mukofotini qo'lga kiritdi. "Chrysler" da nol avtomobil bor - hech qanday avtomobil - bu Consumer Reports tomonidan tavsiya etilgan.

Rasmiy qo'shimcha qildi: "Albatta, bu erda juda yaxshi Chrysler mashinalari bor va biz hech kimni ularni sotib olishdan qaytarishga harakat qilmaymiz. Ammo biz bu hayotiylikni baholashga harakat qilmoqdamiz. ”

Oxirgi oshxonalarni sog'indingizmi? POLITICO Playbook -ga ro'yxatdan o'ting va eng yangi yangiliklarni har kuni ertalab - pochta qutingizga kiriting.


Prezident Obama tarixiy 54,5 mpg yoqilg'i samaradorligi standartini e'lon qildi

VASHINGTON, DC va ndash Prezidenti Obama bugun o'n uchta yirik avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilar bilan ma'muriyat va rsquos milliy avtomobillar dasturining keyingi bosqichini amalga oshirish to'g'risida tarixiy bitimni e'lon qildi. Ford, GM, Chrysler, BMW, Honda, Hyundai, Jaguar/Land Rover, Kia, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Toyota va Volvo & ndash qo'shildi, ular AQShda sotiladigan barcha avtomobillarning 90% dan ortig'ini tashkil qiladi. Birlashgan avtomobil ishchilari (UAW) va Kaliforniya shtati, bu shartnomani ishlab chiqish uchun ajralmas edi.

& ldquoYoqilg'i standartlari to'g'risidagi bu kelishuv, biz mamlakat sifatida xorijiy neftga bo'lgan qaramligimizni kamaytirish uchun qilgan eng muhim qadamdir, dedi Prezident Obama. & ldquoBugungi kompaniyalarning aksariyati kelgusi besh yil mobaynida o'z avtomobillarining yoqilg'i sarfini oshirish to'g'risida ikki yil oldin erishgan kelishuvimizning bir qismi edi. Biz & rsquove agressiv maqsadni qo'ydik va kompaniyalar o'z lavozimiga ko'tarilishmoqda. 2025 yilga kelib, ularning transport vositalarining o'rtacha yoqilg'i sarfi qariyb ikki barobarga oshib, bir gallonga qariyb 55 milni tashkil qiladi. & Rdquo

Obama ma'muriyati va 2012-2016 yillar modellari uchun rsquos kelishuviga asoslanib, yonilg'i sarfini 35,5 mpg ga oshiradi va shu yili nasosda oilalarning pulini tejashni boshlaydi, standartlarning keyingi bosqichi 54,5 mpg yoki 163 gramm/ milga teng ishlashni talab qiladi. 2025 yilga kelib avtomobillar va engil yuk mashinalari uchun CO2. Ushbu tarixiy bitim maqsadlariga erishish innovatsion texnologiyalar va ishlab chiqarishga tayanadi, bu iqtisodiy o'sishni rag'batlantiradi va Amerika bo'ylab zamonaviy sanoat tarmoqlarida yuqori sifatli mahalliy ish o'rinlarini yaratadi.

Bu dasturlar, 2011 yildagi engil yuk mashinalari standarti bilan birgalikda, o'ttiz o'n yillikda va 2011 yildan 2025 yilgacha bo'lgan davrda yoqilg'i tejash standartlarining birinchi mazmunli yangilanishini anglatadi. Birgalikda ular amerikalik oilalarga 1,7 trillion dollar yoqilg'i sarfini tejaydi va 2025 yilga kelib. natijada har bir avtomobil uchun o'rtacha 8000 dollardan ortiq yoqilg'i tejash mumkin. Bundan tashqari, bu dasturlar biz iste'mol qiladigan neftni keskin qisqartiradi, jami 12 milliard barrel neftni tejaydi va 2025 yilga kelib neft iste'molini kuniga 2,2 million barrelga kamaytiradi va biz har kuni OPEKdan import qilinadigan neftning yarmigacha kamayadi.

Standartlar, shuningdek, uglerodning ifloslanishiga to'sqinlik qilib, dastur muddati davomida 6 milliard metrik tonnadan ortiq issiqxona gazini kamaytiradi va o'tgan yili Qo'shma Shtatlar chiqargan karbonat angidrid miqdoridan oshadi. Bu keng qamrovli dasturning neftni tejash, iste'molchi va ekologik foydalari Ma'muriyat bugun e'lon qilgan "Haydash samaradorligi: nasosdagi oilalar uchun xarajatlarni kamaytirish va neftga bog'liqlikni kamaytirish" deb nomlangan yangi hisobotda batafsil bayon etilgan.

Atrof-muhitni muhofaza qilish agentligi (EPA) va Transport boshqarmasi (DOT) bir necha oylar davomida avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilar, Kaliforniya shtati, atrof-muhit guruhlari va boshqa manfaatdor tomonlar bilan ushbu standartlarga erishish, iqtisodiy jihatdan qulay va iste'molchilar tanlovini saqlab qolish uchun yaqindan ish olib bordi. . Dastur har yili yengil avtomobillar uchun standartlarning qat'iyligini o'rtacha besh foizga oshiradi. Pikaplar va boshqa yengil yuk mashinalari uchun standartlarning qat'iyligi birinchi besh model yilida har yili o'rtacha 3,5 foizga va dasturning oxirgi to'rt model yilida o'rtacha besh foizga oshadi. ushbu toifadagi transport vositalari bilan bog'liq qiyinchiliklar.

& LdquoBu standartlar iqtisodiy o'sishni rag'batlantirishga, atrof -muhitni muhofaza qilishga va Amerikaning xorijiy neftga qaramligini kamaytirish orqali milliy xavfsizligimizni mustahkamlashga yordam beradi, - dedi AQSh transport vaziri Rey LaXud. & ldquoBirgalikda ish olib borib, biz yangi avlod toza transport vositalariga zamin yaratyapmiz. & rdquo

& ldquoBu haydovchilar uchun pulni tejash, import qilinadigan neftga bo'lgan qaramligimizni yo'q qilish va nafas olayotgan havoni tozalash yo'lidagi yana bir muhim qadamdir, - dedi EPA ma'muri Liza P. Jekson. & ldquoAmerikalik iste'molchilar gaz nasosida o'z havosini ifloslantiradigan yoki byudjetini buzadigan toza mashinalarni chaqirishadi va bizning innovatsion amerikalik avtomobilsozlarimiz tariximizdagi eng yoqilg'i tejaydigan avtomobillarning rejalari bilan javob berishadi. & rdquo

Yoqilg'i iqtisodiyoti standartlari va issiqxona gazlari chiqindilariga oid milliy siyosat tartibga soluvchi aniqlik va moslashuvchanlikni ta'minlaydi, bu esa avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilarning neft iste'molini va havoning zararli ifloslanishini hal qilishda talablarga rioya qilish narxini pasaytiradi. Iste'molchilar turli xil parklarga kirishni davom ettiradilar va o'z ehtiyojlariga mos keladigan avtomobilni sotib olishlari mumkin.

EPA va NHTSA birgalikda taklif qilinayotgan qonun loyihasini ishlab chiqmoqdalar, u taklif qilingan dastur va qo'llab -quvvatlovchi tahlillar, shu jumladan taklifning xarajatlari va foydalari hamda uning iqtisodiyotga, avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilari va iste'molchilarga ta'sirini o'z ichiga oladi. Taklif etilgan qoidalar Federal reestrda e'lon qilingandan so'ng, jamoatchilik fikrini va jamoatchilik eshituvlarini o'tkazish imkoniyati paydo bo'ladi. Agentliklar 2011 yil sentyabr oyining oxiriga qadar taklif qilingan qarorlar to'g'risida bildirishnoma chiqarishni rejalashtirmoqdalar. Kaliforniya o'z taklif qilingan qoidasini federal taklif bilan bir vaqtda qabul qilishni rejalashtirmoqda.
MY2022-2025 yengil yuk mashinalari uchun standartlarni belgilashda uzoq vaqt borligini hisobga olib, EPA va NHTSA keng qamrovli o'rta muddatli baholashni taklif qilmoqchi. Agentliklar & rsquo avtotransport vositalarini parvarishlash va yonilg'i iqtisodiyotini tartibga solishning yagona milliy tizimini saqlash majburiyatiga muvofiq, agentliklar o'rta muddatli baholashni Kaliforniya bilan yaqin kelishilgan holda o'tkazadilar.

Yuqorida tavsiflangan 2017-2025 yillarga mo'ljallangan standartlar darajasiga erishish uchun agentliklar avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilar va ilg'or texnologiyalardan foydalanishni avtomobil parkini o'zgartirishning muhim elementi bo'lishini kutishadi. Agentliklar "ldquogame" ning o'zgarishini va ishlashini yaxshilashni ko'rsatadigan ilg'or texnologiyalarni erta qabul qilish va bozorga joriy etishni rag'batlantirish uchun bir qator rag'batlantiruvchi dasturlarni ko'rib chiqmoqda, jumladan:


FAKTLAR: Obama ma'muriyati Qo'shma Shtatlarda elektromobillarni qabul qilishni tezlashtirish uchun federal va xususiy sektor harakatlarini e'lon qiladi.

Obama ma'muriyati iqlim o'zgarishiga qarshi kurashish, toza energiya texnologiyalaridan foydalanish imkoniyatlarini oshirish va neftga bo'lgan qaramligimizni kamaytirish uchun mas'uliyatli choralar ko'rmoqda. Shu sababli, bugun Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Energiya Departamentining (DOE) birinchi Barqaror transport sammitida, ma'muriyat federal hukumat, xususiy sektor va shtatlarning misli ko'rilmagan harakatlarini e'lon qiladi. avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilar, elektr ta'minoti korxonalari, elektromobillarni zaryadlovchi kompaniyalar va shtatlar uchun hamkorlikning yangi asosi, bularning barchasi elektromobillarni zaryadlovchi infratuzilmasini tezlashtirish va yo'lga ko'proq elektromobillarni qo'yishdir. Oq uy DOE va Transport departamenti (DOT), Harbiy -havo kuchlari va armiya va Atrof -muhitni muhofaza qilish agentligi bilan hamkorlikda tuzilgan hamkorlik, asosan, Elektr transport vositalari va zaryad infratuzilmasini rag'batlantirish bo'yicha qo'llanma tamoyillari 50 ga yaqin tashkilot bugunga kelib imzo chekmoqda.

Federal hukumat va xususiy sektor bilan birgalikda ishlash orqali biz elektromobil haydovchilarining uyda, ishda va yo'lda zaryadlovchi stantsiyalariga ega bo'lishini ta'minlay olamiz - bu Amerikani oldinga siljitadigan transport haqida yangi fikrlash tarzini yaratadi. Bugungi e'lonlar quyidagilarni o'z ichiga oladi:

  • 4,5 milliard dollargacha bo'lgan kredit kafolatlarini ochish va innovatsion elektromobillarni zaryadlovchi qurilmalarini tijorat miqyosida joylashtirishni qo'llab-quvvatlash uchun takliflar.
  • Nol emissiya va muqobil yoqilg'i koridorlarini, shu jumladan butun mamlakat bo'ylab elektr transport vositalarini zaryadlashni aniqlash uchun FAST akti jarayonini ishga tushirish va elektr transport vositalarining tez zaryadlash stantsiyalarining milliy tarmog'ining 2020 yilgi qarashlarini ishlab chiqish, bu qaerda ekanligini aniqlashga yordam beradi. Yo'laklar, tez zaryadlanadigan infratuzilmani topish eng mantiqiy
  • Shtat, okrug va munitsipal hukumatlarni federal hukumat bilan hamkorlikda elektromobillar parkini chegirmali narxda sotib olishga chaqiruv e'lon qilish.
  • Ma'lumotlarning kuchidan foydalangan holda, elektr transport vositalarini zaryad qilish bo'yicha yangi echimlarni ishlab chiqish va kashf qilish uchun "Elektromobil xakatonini" o'tkazish.
  • Elektr transport vositalari va zaryadlash stantsiyalari uchun federal moliyalashtirish, moliyalashtirish va texnik yordam ko'rsatmasini nashr etish
  • DOEning ish joyini zaryadlash muammosiga 35 yangi korxona, notijorat tashkilotlari, universitetlar va kommunal xizmatlar imzo chekishdi va o'z ishchi kuchi uchun elektr transport vositalarini zaryadlash imkoniyatini berishdi.

Bugungi e'lonlar ma'muriyat bo'ylab elektr transport vositalarini kengaytirish va infratuzilmani to'ldirish bo'yicha ish olib borayotgan bir qancha dasturlarning, jumladan, energetika, transport, mudofaa va atrof -muhitni muhofaza qilish agentliklarida erishilgan yutuqlarga asoslanadi. Haqiqatan ham, so'nggi sakkiz yil ichida elektromobillarning ulanadigan modellari soni birdan 20taga oshdi, akkumulyator batareyalari narxi 70 foizga kamaydi va biz elektromobillarni zaryadlovchi stantsiyalar sonini 2008 yildagi 500 dan kamgacha oshirdik. bugungi kunda 16000 dan ortiq - 40 barobar o'sish.

50 ga yaqin avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilari, elektr jihozlari, elektr transport vositalarini zaryadlovchi kompaniyalar, davlatlar va tashkilotlar elektr energiyasini ko'paytirish uchun misli ko'rilmagan elektromobillar koalitsiyasini yaratdi.

Bugungi kunda ma'muriyat bilan hamkorlikda 50 ga yaqin sanoat a'zolari quyidagilarga imzo chekishmoqda Elektr transport vositalari va zaryadlash infratuzilmasini rag'batlantirish bo'yicha ko'rsatma tamoyillari. Bu majburiyat hukumat va sanoat o'rtasida elektromobillarni zaryadlovchi infratuzilmasini kengaytirish bo'yicha hamkorlik boshlanishini bildiradi.

Federal hukumat, shtatlar va jamoalar, elektromobillar va zaryadlovchi infratuzilma ishlab chiqaruvchilari va chakana sotuvchilari, elektr tarmoqlari, milliy laboratoriyalar, universitetlar va nodavlat tashkilotlar o'rtasidagi mavjud sheriklikka asoslanib, biz elektromobillardan foydalanishni kuchaytirish va milliy, uy xo'jaligini yaratish bo'yicha quyidagi ko'rsatmalarni qo'llab -quvvatlaymiz. , amerikaliklar uchun mavjud bo'lgan ish joyi va shahar zaryadlash infratuzilmasi:

  • Iste'molchilarga o'z transport vositalarini elektr tarmog'iga ulanadigan, arzon, arzon va ishonchli va boshqa past uglerodli transport variantlari bilan o'zaro bog'langan infratuzilma bilan to'ldirishni osonlashtirish orqali bozorni elektr transport vositalariga aylantiring.
  • Zaryadlovchi infratuzilmaga kirishni kengaytirish va benzinli mashinalar kabi qulay, mavjud va qulay elektr plaginli elektromobillarni ishlab chiqishni qo'llab-quvvatlash orqali elektromobillarni qabul qilishga ko'maklashish.
  • Avtotransport vositalari, kommunal xizmatlar, asbob -uskunalar etkazib beruvchilari va qo'llab -quvvatlash sohalari uchun mustahkam bozorni targ'ib qiling, bu foydalanuvchilarning izchil tajribasini, xaridor tanlashini ta'minlaydi va ruxsat berish jarayonini soddalashtiradi.
  • Amerika ishlab chiqarishining raqobatbardoshligini, innovatsiyasini va ilg'or texnologiyalarni rivojlantirishni kuchaytirish.
  • Elektr transport vositalarini joylashtirish, infratuzilma, tadqiqot va ishlab chiqish, ta'lim va targ'ibot ishlariga xususiy, davlat va federal sarmoyalarni jalb qilish va ulardan foydalanish.
  • Talablarga javob berish, energiyani saqlash va yukni boshqarishning boshqa strategiyalari kabi echimlar orqali aqlli zaryadlash va avtomobil tarmog'ining integratsiyasini yoqing.

Ga imzo chekuvchilar Elektr transport vositalari va zaryad infratuzilmasini rag'batlantirish bo'yicha qo'llanma tamoyillari Quyidagi sanoat a'zolari, agentliklar, tashkilotlar va davlatlar kiradi:

  • Avista
  • Berkshire Hathaway Energy
  • BMW
  • Kaliforniya havo resurslari kengashi
  • ChargePoint
  • Iste'molchilar energiyasi
  • Kon Edison
  • Konnektikut Green Bank
  • Dayton Power & amp Light kompaniyasi
  • Dyuk Energiyasi
  • Edison elektr instituti
  • Elektr haydovchi tashish assotsiatsiyasi (EDTA)
  • Eversource energiyasi
  • EVGo
  • Florida Power and Light kompaniyasi
  • Ford
  • Jorjiya kuchi
  • General Motors
  • Greenlots
  • Gavayi elektr
  • Gavayidagi elektr chiroq
  • Maui Electric
  • Indianapolis Power & amp Light kompaniyasi
  • Kanzas -Siti Power va amp Light
  • Louisville Gas & amp Electric va Kentukki Utilities
  • Mercedes-Benz USA, MChJ
  • Davlat energetika amaldorlari milliy assotsiatsiyasi (NASEO)
  • Milliy tarmoq
  • NextGen iqlim Amerika
  • Nyu -York shtati
  • Nissan
  • Apelsin va Roklend
  • Portlend General Electric
  • PPL elektr ta'minoti
  • Tinch okeani gazi va elektr
  • PNM manbalari
  • Puget tovush energiyasi
  • Janubiy Kaliforniya Edison
  • Janubiy kompaniya: Alabama Power
  • Janubiy kompaniya: Georgia Power
  • Janubiy kompaniya: Gulf Power
  • Janubiy kompaniya: Missisipi Power
  • Kaliforniya shtati
  • TECO Energy
  • Tesla
  • Westar Energy

Zaryadlovchi infratuzilmani ko'paytirish uchun bajariladigan harakatlar

Zaryadlash infratuzilmasini kengaytirish uchun moliyalashtirishni ta'minlash

4,5 milliard dollarlik kredit kafolatlarini ochish va elektromobillarni zaryadlashning innovatsion vositalarini qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun takliflar: Bugun, DOEning Kredit Dasturlari Ofisi (LPO) XVII Qayta tiklanadigan energiya va samarali energiya (REEE) loyihalari bo'yicha so'rovnomasiga qo'shimcha qilib, ma'lum elektr transport vositalarini (EV) zaryadlash moslamalari, shu jumladan tegishli apparat va dasturiy ta'minot - mos texnologiya ekanligini aniqlab berdi. taklif ostida. Taklif AQShda qayta tiklanadigan energiya va energiya samaradorligi bo'yicha innovatsion loyihalarni qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun 4,5 milliard dollargacha kredit kafolatlari berishi mumkin. Kredit kafolatlari innovatsion texnologiyalarni tijoratlashtirishning muhim vositasi bo'lishi mumkin, chunki bu loyihalar Qo'shma Shtatlarda hech qachon tijorat miqyosida qo'llanilmagan texnologiya bilan bog'liq xavflar tufayli to'liq tijorat moliyalashtirishini ololmasligi mumkin. DOE LPO 30 milliard dollardan ortiq kreditlar, kredit kafolatlari va mamlakat bo'ylab qariyb 30 ta yopiq va yopiq loyihalar bo'yicha majburiyatlarni o'z ichiga olgan katta va xilma -xil portfelni qo'llab -quvvatlaydi. Yadro reaktorlari AQShda o'ttiz yildan ko'proq vaqt davomida qurila boshlaydi.

Avtomobillar va zaryadlash stantsiyalari uchun federal moliyalashtirish, moliyalashtirish va texnik yordam ko'rsatmasini nashr etish: DOE va DOT, neftdan foydalanish va issiqxona gazlari chiqindilarini kamaytiradigan elektromobillar va zaryadlovchi stansiyalar yordamida mamlakatning iqtisodiy, ekologik va energetik xavfsizligini yaxshilashga yordam beradigan moliyalashtirish dasturlari, moliyalashtirishni rag'batlantirish va texnik yordam ko'rsatishning aniq misollarini bayon qilish uchun qo'llanma nashr etmoqda. transport sektoridan. Shuningdek, u elektr energiyasini zaryad qilish uchun qo'llaniladigan joriy soliq imtiyozlari va imtiyozlarini ham ko'rsatadi. DOE alternativ yoqilg'i ma'lumotlari markazi avtoulovlar va infratuzilmani qo'llab -quvvatlaydigan federal va shtat dasturlarining to'liq ma'lumotlar bazasini taqdim etadi.

Elektr transport vositalarini zaryadlovchi koridorlarini rivojlantirishni qo'llab -quvvatlash

Amerikaning er usti transporti (FAST) to'g'risidagi qonunining bir qismi sifatida muqobil yoqilg'i koridorlarini belgilash jarayonini boshlash: Bugungi kunda DOT muqobil yoqilg'i yo'laklarini belgilashda yordam berish uchun davlat va mahalliy amaldorlardan nomzodlarni taklif qilmoqda. FAST Qonunining 1413 -bo'limi, transport kotibidan milliy elektr zaryadlovchi, vodorod, propan va tabiiy gaz bilan yonilg'i quyish yo'laklarini belgilashni talab qiladi va nominatsiya jarayoni belgilash uchun taklif qilingan koridorlar muqobil yoqilg'i qurilmalarining milliy tarmog'ini yaratishini ta'minlaydi. Yo'laklarni belgilashda DOT (1) tavsiya etilgan ob'ektlarni ko'rib chiqadi, (2) davlatlar tomonidan belgilangan mavjud yo'laklarni o'z ichiga oladi va (3) mavjud yoqilg'i quyish shoxobchalari va infratuzilmaga bo'lgan talab va joylashishni hisobga oladi. DOT shuningdek, chiqindilarni kamaytirish va davlat va xususiy sektorda hamkorlik qilish qobiliyatiga qarab ilovalarni baholaydi. Ushbu dastur haqida batafsil ma'lumotni bu erda yoki bu erda topishingiz mumkin.

Mezonlarni ishlab chiqish va elektromobillar uchun tez zaryadlovchi stansiyalar milliy tarmog'ining rejasini taklif qilish: DOE va DOT qirg'oqdan qirg'oqqa, butun mamlakat bo'ylab nol chiqindilarsiz sayohat qilishni osonlashtirish uchun elektromobillarni tez zaryadlovchi stansiyalarining milliy tarmog'ini 2020 yilda ishlab chiqish bo'yicha sheriklik qilishga kelishib oldilar. DOSTning FAST qonuni bo'yicha DOE va DOT, DOE milliy laboratoriyalari, DOT Volpe markazi va boshqa hukumat va sanoat manfaatdor tomonlari bilan birgalikda muqobil yoqilg'i koridorlarini belgilashga asoslanib, 2017 moliyaviy yilida yordam beradigan mezonlarni ishlab chiqish bo'yicha harakatlarni boshlaydi. DOT tomonidan belgilangan milliy va jamoaviy koridorlarga tutash tez zaryadlash infratuzilmasini joylashtirish uchun aniq joylarni aniqlash. Taklif qilinayotgan urinish, milliy zaryadlash tarmog'ining potentsialini baholash uchun muhim bo'lgan to'rtta asosiy yo'nalishlarni o'z ichiga oladi, jumladan: (1) zaryadlash joylarini joylashtirish mezonlari (2) zaryadlash va kommunal infratuzilma ehtiyojlari va xarajatlarni baholash (3) elektr talablari to'lovlarining ta'siri iste'molchilar va kommunal xizmatlar va (4) 350 kilovatt (kVt) gacha tez zaryadlash evolyutsiyasini o'z ichiga olgan uzoq muddatli potentsial innovatsiyalar. Hamkorlik davlat-xususiy sheriklikni, moliyalashtirish va milliy tezkor zaryadlash tarmog'ini joriy etish uchun moliyalashtirish modellarini aniqlashga yordam beradigan manfaatdor tomonlar bilan muloqot asosida zarur ma'lumotlarni taqdim etish uchun ushbu savollarga javob beradi. Shu yo'nalish bo'yicha, DOE va DOT shu yilning kuzida tezkor zaryadlash stantsiyalarining milliy tarmog'ining muhim ehtiyojlarini aniqlash uchun manfaatdor tomonlarni yig'adi.

Elektromobillar parkini kengaytirish

Shtat, okrug va munitsipal avtotransport flotlarini EV sotib olishda federal hukumat bilan kuchlarni birlashtirishga taklif qilish: Federal barqarorlik idorasi shtatlar, okruglar va munitsipalitetlarning flotlarini federal agentliklar bilan kuchlarni birlashtirib, ularning umumiy xarid qobiliyatini maksimal darajada oshirishga, shuningdek, elektr energiyasi va infratuzilmadan xaridlarni yig'ishga taklif qilmoqda. Shunday qilib, barcha darajadagi hukumatlar sotib olish xarajatlarini kamaytirishi, texnologiya mavjudligini kengaytirishi va avtomobil ishlab chiqaruvchilarining ishonchini oshirishi mumkin. Federal barqarorlik idorasi hukumat va agentlik xaridorlari bilan EV parklarini sotib olishni muvofiqlashtirish va yig'ish uchun hamkorlik qiladi, bunda sotib olish strategiyasi aniqlanadi. Yolg'iz federal hukumat 2017 moliyaviy yilida 500 dan ortiq gibrid elektromobillarni (PHEV) yoki elektromobillarni sotib olishni rejalashtirmoqda.

DOEning Energiya samaradorligi va qayta tiklanadigan energiya idorasi (EERE) Amerika jamoat kuchlari assotsiatsiyasi (APPA) bilan shahar flotini elektrlashtirish bo'yicha hamkorlik qilish to'g'risida o'zaro memorandum imzolaydi: Ushbu kelishuv orqali EERE va APPA Qo'shma Shtatlar bo'ylab munitsipalitetlarda shaxsiy va avtotransport transportini elektrlashtirishni ta'minlash bo'yicha birgalikdagi sa'y -harakatlarni ta'minlaydi. EERE va APPA elektr energiyasi kommunal xizmatlari va mahalliy mansabdor shaxslarga elektr transport vositalarining foydasi to'g'risida ma'lumot va xabardorlikni oshirish uchun ma'lumot beradi va 200 mingdan kam elektr iste'molchilariga ega bo'lgan kichikroq jamoalarga qaratilgan harakat rejasini ishlab chiqadi. Hamkorlik, shuningdek, jamoat elektr ta'minoti korxonalarida ish joyini zaryadlash harakatlarini kuchaytirish, elektr energiyasi jamoalarida elektr transport vositalarining ta'sirini o'rganish, infratuzilmani o'rnatish va zamonaviy elektr tarmog'i bilan elektr energiyasi bilan o'zaro ta'sir o'tkazish bo'yicha fikr almashish uchun ham ishlaydi.

Driving Technological Innovation and Increasing Access to Data

Leveraging the Power of Data through an ‘EV Hackathon’: Today, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) is announcing that they will host an EV hackathon this fall. Hackathons are events that bring together coders, data scientists, topic experts, and interested members of the public to discover insights and develop new solutions. The event will take place in concord with the release of anonymized data on EV charging stations to the research and software development community. The ‘EV Hackathon’ represents a unique opportunity to bring together the EV and software communities to collaborate to enhance EV deployment.

Conducting a Technology Study to Explore the Feasibility for Fast Charging, up to 350 KW, for EVs: DOE will partner with industry, the National Laboratories, and other stakeholders to develop a study that will examine the vehicle, battery, infrastructure, and economic implications of direct current (DC) fast charging of up to 350 kW, which is expected to be completed by the end of 2016. A 350 kW charging system could charge a 200 mile range battery in less than 10 minutes. The implementation of DC fast charging has the potential to impact many technology areas and tackle key technological barriers associated with high rate charging (50 kW and above), and fast charging increases the utility of EVs, aides in their adoption, and helps enable widespread use of EVs.

Announcing that the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) will Lead Research to Achieve the Strategic Battery500 Goal: A multi-partner team, led by PNNL as part of the Battery500 research consortium, will receive an award of up to $10 million per year for five years to drive progress on DOE’s goal of reducing the cost of vehicle battery technologies. Battery costs exceeded $500/kWh when President Obama launched his EV Everywhere Grand Challenge goal of making EVs that are as affordable and convenient for the American family as gasoline-powered vehicles, and low-cost, high performance batteries are a key component of the strategy to attain the President’s goal. The Battery500 Consortium aims to triple the specific energy (to 500 WH/kg) relative to today's battery technology while achieving 1,000 electric vehicles cycles. This will result in a significantly smaller, lighter weight, less expensive battery pack (below $100/kWh) and more affordable EVs. The Battery500 consortium will include four DOE National Laboratories and five universities in an effort aimed at achieving revolutionary advances in battery performance. Consortium partners include the following:

  • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (research partner and advisory board)
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Idaho National Laboratory
  • SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
  • Binghamton University (State University of New York)
  • Stanford University (research partner and advisory board)
  • University of California, San Diego
  • Ostindagi Texas universiteti
  • University of Washington
  • IBM (advisory board)
  • Tesla Motors, Inc. (advisory board)

Increasing Charging Infrastructure in Our Homes and Workplaces

The Standard for High Performance Green Buildings Will Consider a Revision to Encourage EV-Ready Building Practices: By employing EV-Ready building practices, multi-unit dwelling and commercial building developers can prepare a facility with electrical infrastructure to accommodate a future charging station installation, resulting in significant cost savings for building owners and tenants. To encourage more EV-Ready development in cities and states across the country, an EV-Ready building code measure has been introduced to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 189.1, a standard for high performance green buildings that in 2018 will become the basis for the International Green Construction Code. Through the adoption of this EV-Ready building practice, cities and states can align with the EV building strategies identified by Federal agencies in the 2016 Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings.

Expanding DOE’s Workplace Charging Challenge to Include 35 New Businesses, Non-profits, Universities, and Utilities: DOE’s Workplace Charging Challenge encourages America’s employers to commit to providing EV charging access for their workforce. Vehicles are parked at homes and workplaces most of the time, making the Workplace Charging Challenge a significant opportunity to expand our nation’s charging infrastructure. In fact, charging at work can potentially double an EV driver's all-electric daily commuting range. Participating employers include organizations that are assessing their employees’ need for charging to those who have successfully launched workplace charging programs. DOE’s Workplace Charging Challenge has grown to more than 350 partners since its launch in January 2013, and is on track to meet its goal to partner with 500 United States employers by 2018. The 35 new partners announced today include:

  • Bates College
  • Berkshire Hathaway Energy
  • CenterPoint Energy, Inc.
  • City of Seattle
  • Clean Future, Inc.
  • Confluence Environmental Center
  • Con Edison
  • Duke Energy Carolinas
  • Duke Energy Florida
  • Duke Energy Indiana
  • Duke Energy Kentucky
  • Duke Energy Ohio
  • Duke Energy Progress
  • Eugene Water & Electric Board
  • Fresh Start Detail Co.
  • Hawai`i Electric Light Company
  • Hawaiian Electric Company
  • Hyundai
  • Joseph Hughes Construction
  • Maui Electric Company
  • Morris Energy Consulting
  • NIKE, Inc.
  • North American University
  • North Coast Electric
  • Olympic College
  • Orange and Rockland Utilities
  • Southern Company: Alabama Power
  • Southern Company: Georgia Power
  • Southern Company: Gulf Power
  • Southern Company: Mississippi Power
  • Southwest Clean Air Agency
  • Sustainable Future LLC
  • The Valley Hospital
  • University of Oregon
  • Utah Valley Hospital

PRIVATE SECTOR COMMITMENTS TO INCREASE ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE

Twelve utilities and charging companies are announcing commitments to increase deployment of EVs and charging infrastructure, and to use the Guiding Principles to Promote Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure to work together to accelerate EV deployment.

  • Avista commits to install electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) in its Eastern Washington service territory, as part of a two-year pilot program recently approved by the Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission. Provided full participation levels, Avista expects to install a total of 272 EVSE connection ports in approximately 200 different locations: 120 in residential homes, 50 at workplaces, and 30 in public locations, including 7 DC fast chargers to enable regional EV travel.
  • Florida Power and Light (FPL) is committed to the mass market adoption of EVs by working with local, state, and federal stakeholders on initiatives that will help drive EV adoption. FPL will continue to educate and support residential and commercial customers on the benefits of EVs and work with them to remove barriers to adoption. FPL also commits to continue to place EVs into its fleet when possible.
  • The Hawaiian Electric Companies have committed to work with all stakeholders to support EVs as part of reaching the islands’ goal of 100 percent renewable energy for electricity by 2045. The Hawaiian Electric Companies will continue to install more DC fast charging stations, research demand management and demand response strategies in EV charging and seek new policy and infrastructure opportunities to provide reliable, clean power for EV charging.
  • Kansas City Power & Light (KCP&L) commits to continuing its leadership and support of the electric transportation market by deploying 10 percent of its Clean Charge Network in underserved and low-income areas of its service territory. KCP&L believes that charging infrastructure should be available and accessible to its customers of all income levels.
  • National Grid commits to help accelerate EV and EV charging market growth in the Northeast, by bringing forward regulatory proposals for new EV charging infrastructure development and consumer education in the territories it serves. These initiatives will build on the company’s planned efforts to demonstrate new technologies such as DC fast charging, expand workplace charging for employees, and increase plug-in vehicles and technology deployment within the company fleet.
  • Portland General Electric (PGE), Oregon’s largest electric utility company, commits to engage stakeholders and submit a proposed plan to Oregon Public Utility Commission in 2016 defining the utility role in transportation electrification, pursuant to recently passed Oregon legislation, which identifies transportation electrification as key to meeting Oregon’s greenhouse gas emissions targets. PGE also commits to work with Federal partners, including DOT and DOE, and the Edison Electric Institute in appropriate leadership roles to continue to advance transportation electrification. PGE will spend 5-10 percent of its corporate fleet budget on electrification, and commits to encourage and incentivize PGE employees to acquire EVs and serve as ambassadors for electrification.
  • The Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM) will provide the associated infrastructure to the City of Albuquerque for their purchase of an all-electric bus fleet for the soon to be built Albuquerque Rapid Transit system. The project is the first of its kind in New Mexico and the first all-electric Bus Rapid Transit system in the United States.
  • Southern California Edison(SCE) will collaborate with stakeholders to develop plans to meet California Senate Bill 350 requirements for on-going, comprehensive utility programs and investments to accelerate widespread adoption of transportation electrification. SCE’s plans will complement stakeholders’ efforts to expand available charging infrastructure, deliver effective market education and outreach, encourage incentives, and improve customers’ experience. SCE will also launch its Clean Fuel Reward program in 2016 to provide incentives to residential EV owners using proceeds from California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard program.
  • Southern Company and its electric-generating traditional operating companies – Alabama Power, Georgia Power, Gulf Power, and Mississippi Power – have been and will continue to be leaders in the advancement and promotion of the electric transportation market. Southern Company remains active in both the on-road and non-road markets, working with industry, municipalities, government, and the military to further the use of electric transportation and to ensure the development of necessary charging infrastructure. Southern Company is committed to consumer education through social media outreach and community charging programs as well as special concierge events provided through the REVolution program. The Southern Company Energy Innovation Center, meanwhile, continues to facilitate and encourage industry research aimed at improving the effectiveness and cost-efficiency of EV technology.
  • TheEdison Electric Institute (EEI) will work with its member electric companies and their associated state regulatory commissions to a) provide the charging infrastructure needed to scale electric transportation, b) develop measures that support the market while controlling costs and ensuring benefits are shared by all customers, and c) engage in direct outreach and education to customers.

Charging Companies

  • ChargePoint commits up to $20 million toward the deployment of a national network of high-speed charging stations as part of public-private partnerships. This includes research and development investments, site identification, smart city deployments and DC fast charger corridors. ChargePoint will work with the DOT, other Federal, State, and local government agencies, and private entities to determine the optimal location for such high-speed charging stations, and to secure financing from private entities and through public-private partnerships. In order to future-proof the network, ChargePoint is committed to developing a line of high-speed DC fast chargers with 125-350 kW charging capacity. ChargePoint commits to work with the broader industry to develop the standards necessary for interoperability, allowing drivers to use one account to charge at stations manufactured by multiple vendors. ChargePoint commits to make access to its high-speed network simple, accessible and convenient through industry-leading driver services and mobile applications. ChargePoint commits to work with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to make data available to help optimize their vehicle programs and better understand driver behavior. ChargePoint commits to work with utilities to make data available to help improve vehicle grid integration and better understand driver behavior.
  • EVgo commits to invest $100 million in EV infrastructure over the next 5 years to expand its nation-leading charging network. This investment will focus on providing customers with access to high-speed charging at charging rates significantly faster than what is available on the market today.

BUILDING ON PROGRESS

The above-mentioned private sector commitments announced today build on a history of progress to increase EV adoption and promote EV charging infrastructure, which is illustrated by the following:


Chrysler's Bailout

On January 16, 2009, the Treasury Department approved a $1.5 billion loan for Chrysler Financial. The interest rate for the loans was one point above Libor. In return, Chrysler Financial promised to pay the government $75 million in notes and reduce executive bonuses by 40%. As a result, car buyers got zero-percent financing for five years on some models.

Chrysler received $4 billion of the $7 billion bridge loan it originally requested. In return, its owner Cerberus vowed to convert its debt to equity.

Chrysler had also asked for $6 billion from the Energy Department to retool for more energy-efficient vehicles. Chrysler wanted the Big Three to partner with the federal government in a joint venture to develop alternative energy vehicles. That didn't happen, and Chrysler didn’t get the loan from the Energy Department. Instead, it pledged to debut an electric vehicle in 2010 and ramp up its production to 500,000 by 2013.

On April 30, 2009, Chrysler filed for bankruptcy. Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner agreed to lend it $6 billion to fund operations while in bankruptcy. It emerged as a new company, 58.5% of which automaker Fiat S.p.A. of Italy now partly owned. This Fiat-Chrysler merger created the world's sixth-largest automaker. The rest is owned by the United Auto Workers Retiree Medical Benefits Trust. Chrysler closed underperforming dealerships as part of its bankruptcy proceedings.

In May 2011, Chrysler repaid $11.2 billion of its outstanding $12.5 billion in TARP loans six years ahead of schedule. The total cost to taxpayers was $1.3 billion.

In 2013, Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne announced plans to take Chrysler public on the New York Stock Exchange. This allowed Fiat to purchase the rest of the company and merge the two into a more competitive global automaker. In October 2014, it was listed under the ticker symbol "FCAU." The new company was called Fiat Chrysler Auto Company N.V. Its 2017 market capitalization was $17 billion.

In 2016, Chrysler spun off its Ferrari division. In 2017, there were rumors that Chrysler might sell its flagship Jeep brand to a Chinese automaker. The company also switched its U.S. plants from cars to trucks and Jeep sport utility vehicles. There are no plans to build electric or self-driving vehicles.


Daley Stepping Down in Rare White House Shake-Up

WASHINGTON — President Obama announced Monday that the White House chief of staff, William M. Daley, was stepping down, jolting the top ranks of his administration less than a year before he faces a difficult re-election. Mr. Daley will be replaced by Jacob J. Lew, the budget director and a seasoned Washington insider with ties to Capitol Hill.

Mr. Daley, a fellow Chicagoan who was recruited by Mr. Obama a year ago to help strike bipartisan legislative deals, struggled to find his footing in a ferociously partisan Washington and failed to help his boss broker a huge budget agreement with Congressional Republicans last summer. His departure interrupts a run of good news for the White House, with tentative signs of life in the job market, victory over Republicans on the payroll tax and Republican presidential candidates assailing one another on the campaign trail.

It was a distracting shake-up in a White House that has prided itself on a lack of internal drama, with a tightly knit circle of loyal senior advisers playing a steadying role. Mr. Obama said he asked Mr. Daley to reconsider his decision — made after a holiday respite from the capital — but Mr. Daley, a 63-year-old member of a Chicago political dynasty, was determined to leave.

“Obviously this was not easy news to hear,” Mr. Obama said in a brief appearance in the State Dining Room, flanked by Mr. Daley and Mr. Lew. “In the end,” the president said, “the pull of the hometown we both love — a city that’s been synonymous with the Daley family for generations — was too great.”

Mr. Lew, known as Jack, is a mild-mannered and steady technocrat with long experience in the White House and on Capitol Hill, having served two administrations and a speaker of the House, Thomas P. O’Neill. He was also a deputy to Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, coordinating the “civilian surge” in Afghanistan, which Mr. Obama said would equip him to deal with foreign policy issues.

A major question, though, is whether Mr. Lew will be any more successful than Mr. Daley in establishing himself in the president’s inner circle. It was not yet clear, for example, whether Mr. Lew would share some of his duties with Pete Rouse, a low-key former Congressional aide who is close to the president and was assigned some of Mr. Daley’s responsibilities after the failed budget talks.

That move last fall, though portrayed by the White House as sensible sharing of the burden with an adroit colleague, ended up being seen as a very public rebuke of Mr. Daley, one that undermined his standing. Administration officials said Mr. Lew and Mr. Rouse would work out those issues between them, though one said Mr. Rouse was likely to remain influential.

Mr. Lew, however, has a broader web of contacts in Washington than Mr. Daley, a former banker and commerce secretary in the Clinton administration. He also enjoys support on Capitol Hill, where Mr. Daley was criticized for not adequately cultivating leaders like Senator Harry Reid of Nevada, the majority leader who bristled last year when Mr. Daley seemed to blame Democrats as well as Republicans for lack of progress on Capitol Hill.

In a statement, Mr. Reid lavishly praised Mr. Lew, calling him a “consummate professional with intimate knowledge of Congress.” He gave credit to Mr. Daley for seeing through “a tumultuous year in which Republicans’ unprecedented obstructionism turned every issue into an all-or-nothing battle.”

Mr. Daley handed in his resignation to Mr. Obama last Tuesday after discussing it with his wife on vacation in Mexico during the Christmas holiday. In a resignation letter that was long on praise for Mr. Obama’s accomplishments, Mr. Daley did not cite a specific reason for leaving, beyond declaring, “It’s time for me to go back to the city I love.” He declined further comment.

“It’s been a pretty frenetic year,” said a senior administration official, speaking on the condition of anonymity so that he could discuss private conversations. “He felt like it was a propitious time.”

Mr. Daley, the son and brother of legendary Chicago mayors, proved to be an awkward fit on the Obama team. Chosen largely for his deal-making skills and ties to the business world, he failed to strike a “grand bargain” on the federal debt and deficit with the Republican speaker of the House, John A. Boehner — a setback that left him and other White House staff members stunned and bruised for weeks.

Mr. Daley instituted a more button-down style at the White House, after the more temperamental style of his predecessor, Rahm Emanuel, who left to run for mayor of Chicago.

The news of Mr. Daley’s departure was first reported by The Tribune Company newspaper chain.

That Mr. Daley was frustrated by Washington was no secret. In October, he told a Chicago television station that he planned to leave the White House in January 2013, at the end of Mr. Obama’s first term. In an interview with The New York Times in September, he dwelt on the failed budget negotiations, and evinced little appetite for the cut-and-thrust of partisan combat that followed them.

“The nation is being pushed into that, by the Republican primaries, by the type of ‘my-way-or-the-highway’ language in Congress,” he said.

Mr. Obama praised Mr. Daley for his role in shepherding trade agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea. He also helped design the president’s $447 billion jobs bill, which — with the exception of a short-term extension in the payroll tax waiver and a few other odds and ends — was stymied in Congress.

While the president said he asked Mr. Daley to reconsider his decision, he did not apply the kind of pressure he brought to bear on Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner, who has for several months been eager to return to New York.

Administration officials said Mr. Daley would play a role in fund-raising for the Obama campaign, probably with the title of campaign co-chairman. With his family pedigree and Wall Street connections, he is likely to remain a force in Democratic politics. Mr. Obama said in his statement that he planned to consult Mr. Daley regularly.

The president also said that Mr. Lew, 55, had been Mr. Daley’s choice as his replacement, and the “one clear choice” for the job. Mr. Lew worked alongside Mr. Daley in the effort to strike a budget deal with Republicans.

“Jack’s economic advice has been invaluable and he has my complete trust, both because of his mastery of the numbers, but because of the values behind those numbers,” Mr. Obama said, noting that Mr. Lew, who had served in the administration of President Bill Clinton, was the only budget director in history to preside over budget surpluses for three consecutive years.

Mr. Lew, who divides his time between New York and Washington, has built a reputation as a pragmatic liberal who believes Democrats must compromise with Republicans on long-term deficits in order to forestall draconian cuts to entitlement programs like Medicare and Social Security.

Before joining the Obama administration, he was a banker at Citigroup, helping run a division with esoteric investments in real estate and construction — a connection that was criticized by liberal groups on Monday. No successor as budget director to Mr. Lew was announced, but his deputy, Heather Higginbottom, and Rob Nabors, currently the Congressional liaison, were considered contenders for the post.


Obama: Auto industry "leading the way" in America's comeback

Before a speech touting the productivity of the big three auto companies, President Obama admired the handiwork of a bright red Mustang, the latest iteration of Ford's iconic muscle car: "This is an American car right here, this Mustang," he said, as he stood next to the car. "That's beautiful."

"Joe Biden saw this and he flipped out," said Ford Motor Company Executive Chairman Bill Ford, as he showed Mr. Obama around the Detroit facility.

"Yeah, yeah, I know," the president replied. "He got his aviator glasses on?"

The President traveled to the heart of the American auto industry on Wednesday to lay out an optimistic message ahead of his State of the Union address later this month, pointing to the performance of U.S. auto companies as evidence of America's broader economic rebound.

"Thanks to the hard work of people like you, America's coming back," Mr. Obama told employees at the Ford plant.

The president said the auto industry and the broader manufacturing sector are "leading the way" in the longest stretch of uninterrupted job growth in American history.

"You're helping rebuild the middle class for the 21st century," he said. "Because of you, manufacturing has a future in this country."

Ommabop yangiliklar

The president's remarks previewed a central theme of his upcoming State of the Union address, which he will deliver before a joint session of Congress on January 20.

"Now that we've got some calmer waters. if we all pitch in, then we can make sure that this rising tide is actually lifting all of the boats, not just some," he said. "That's going to be the focus of my State of the Union in a couple of weeks: building on the progress that we've already made."

The factory the president spoke at is the first of its kind: a flexible manufacturing facility that produces both gas/electric hybrid vehicles and plug-in electric cars. The president said such technological advances - and the skilled workers to take advantage of them - could lay the groundwork for more prosperity to come.

He cited the expansion of apprenticeships in the year since his administration announced a $100 million apprenticeship grant competition designed to expand the most successful worker-training programs.

He also hailed the official end of the auto industry bailout, a costly endeavor initiated during his first year in office to pull General Motors and Chrysler back from the brink of potential liquidation.

"Last month the rescue of the auto industry officially came to an end," he said. "The auto companies have now repaid taxpayers every dime and more of what my administration invested. you paid the taxpayers back with your hard work, with your dedication."

The president said the auto industry bailout was "not popular," recalling polls taken at the time that gauged public support for the rescue plan at around 10 percent. But he argued it was worth saving the companies, despite public opposition. "The auto industry has proven that any comeback is possible," he said.

During a press gaggle on Air Force One en route to Detroit, White House press secretary Josh Earnest told reporters the president's remarks weren't intended to be a "victory lap," but merely an opportunity to highlight some good economic news.

"I do hope that this is a useful opportunity for us to highlight the momentum of the American economy," he said.

Earnest also rebutted concerns that pending free trade agreements could undermine the competitiveness of the auto industry. He recalled that people voiced similar concerns about a free trade agreement with South Korea that was ratified in 2011, but said the auto industry has only gotten stronger since that time. In negotiations over the transatlantic and transpacific free trade pacts, Earnest said, Mr. Obama would again insist on a deal that protects American workers and manufacturers.


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The U.S. Treasury lent money to and bought stock in GM and Chrysler. It provided incentives to spur new car purchases. In effect, the government nationalized GM and Chrysler, as it did Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the American International Group.

In all, the federal government extended nearly $81 billion to bail out the auto industry in a rescue effort that began under Bush’s watch and ended in December 2014, well into Obama’s second term. The effort cost taxpayers $10.2 billion.

On Nov. 27, 2018, President Donald Trump threatened to cut off federal subsidies to GM in retaliation to its planned cutbacks in the Midwest, the politically sensitive region in which Trump had promised a manufacturing rebirth during the 2016 campaign.

Trump unloaded on Twitter a day after GM announced it would shut five plants and slash 14,000 jobs in North America. “Very disappointed with General Motors and their CEO, Mary Barra, for closing plants in Ohio, Michigan, and Maryland” while sparing plants in Mexico and China, Trump tweeted, adding: “The U.S. saved General Motors, and this is the THANKS we get!”

Buyers of electric vehicles made by GM and other automakers get federal tax credits of up to $7,500, as an incentive to get more of the zero-emissions vehicles on the road.

Turning the other cheek, GM said: “We appreciate the actions this administration has taken on behalf of industry to improve the overall competitiveness of U.S. manufacturing.”

SOURCE: “This Day in Presidential History,” by Paul Brandus (2018)


All News Releases By Date

President Obama Announces National Fuel Efficiency Policy

Release Date: 05/19/2009
Contact Information: THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary 202-456-2580

WASHINGTON, DC – President Obama today – for the first time in history – set in motion a new national policy aimed at both increasing fuel economy and reducing greenhouse gas pollution for all new cars and trucks sold in the United States. The new standards, covering model years 2012-2016, and ultimately requiring an average fuel economy standard of 35.5 mpg in 2016, are projected to save 1.8 billion barrels of oil over the life of the program with a fuel economy gain averaging more than 5 percent per year and a reduction of approximately 900 million metric tons in greenhouse gas emissions. This would surpass the CAFE law passed by Congress in 2007 required an average fuel economy of 35 mpg in 2020.

“In the past, an agreement such as this would have been considered impossible,” said President Obama. “That is why this announcement is so important, for it represents not only a change in policy in Washington, but the harbinger of a change in the way business is done in Washington. As a result of this agreement, we will save 1.8 billion barrels of oil over the lifetime of the vehicles sold in the next five years. And at a time of historic crisis in our auto industry, this rule provides the clear certainty that will allow these companies to plan for a future in which they are building the cars of the 21st century.”

This groundbreaking policy delivers on the President’s commitment to enact more stringent fuel economy standards and represents an unprecedented collaboration between the Department of Transportation (DOT), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the world’s largest auto manufacturers, the United Auto Workers, leaders in the environmental community, the State of California, and other state governments.

“The President brought all stakeholders to the table and came up with a plan to help the auto industry, safeguard consumers, and protect human health and the environment for all Americans,” said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson. “A supposedly ‘unsolvable’ problem was solved by unprecedented partnerships. As a result, we will keep Americans healthier, cut tons of pollution from the air we breathe, and make a lasting down payment on cutting our greenhouse gas emissions.”

“A clear and uniform national policy is not only good news for consumers who will save money at the pump, but this policy is also good news for the auto industry which will no longer be subject to a costly patchwork of differing rules and regulations,” said Carol M. Browner, Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change. “This an incredible step forward for our country and another way for Americans to become more energy independent and reduce air pollution.”

A national policy on fuel economy standards and greenhouse gas emissions is welcomed by the auto manufacturers because it provides regulatory certainty and predictability and includes flexibilities that will significantly reduce the cost of compliance. The collaboration of federal agencies also allows for clearer rules for all automakers, instead of three standards (DOT, EPA and a state standard).

“President Obama is uniting federal and state governments, the auto industry, labor unions and the environmental community behind a program that will provide for the biggest leap in history to make automobiles more fuel efficient,” said Department of Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. “This program lessens our dependence on oil and is good for America and the planet.”

View selected historical press releases from 1970 to 1998 in the EPA History website.


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